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Thursday, December 25, 2014

Examination dates for Education Department Chandigarh TGT Teachers 2015

The Selection Process for the recruitment of  teachers in education department of Chandigarh administration for the selection of Masters/Mistresses (TGT) for year 2015


Examination Pattern 

  • Two objective type tests each carrying 100Marks will be conducted.
  • Candidates will selected based on total marks obtained in the two tests.
  • Qualifying marks for each test is atleast 40% for SC candidates and 45% for the other candidates.
  • No interview will be conducted.
  • There will be no negative marking.
 Written test will consists of Multiple Choice Questions (100Questions with total 100Marks):
  • Paper 1 (Morning Session) (Duration 2 hours)
  • Multiple Choice Questions having 20 questions each on 
  1. English, 
  2. Hindi, 
  3. Mental Ability ,
  4. General Awareness and
  5. Teaching Aptitude
  • Paper 2 (Evening Session) (Duration 2 hours)
  1. Multiple Choice Questions related to the subject for which the candidate has applied. Level of questions will be as per qualification prescribed for the post.


Selection Procedure


  • After the conduct of the written test answer key will be uploaded on website of Education Deptt, Chandigarh as per schedule for submission of objections by the candidates.
  • Marks obtained by the candidates in the written test will also be uploaded on the official website.
  • Merit list will be uploaded on the official websites and on the basis of that the Education Department of Chandigarh Administration will call for document verification.
  • List of selected candidates will be released on official website after checking of eligibility conditions.



Merry Xmas

Merry Christmas to all our teachers. 







Sunday, December 21, 2014

Syllabus for the CTET 2015 Paper 2


CTET 2015 Syllabus for Paper 2 (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage: 

I.   Child Development and Pedagogy    30 Questions

a)  Child Development (Elementary School Child) 15 Questions

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of the development of children
  • Influence of Heredity & Environment
  • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  • Multi Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language & Thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
  • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
  • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b)  Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs         5 Questions 

  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning  difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
  • Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

c)  Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions

  • How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative conceptions of learning  in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition & Emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental

II. Language I.    30 Questions

a)  Language Comprehension         15 Questions

  • Reading unseen passages  –  two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose  passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b)  Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-  learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

III.   Language – II 30 Questions 

a)  Comprehension 15 Questions

  • Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative  or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

b)  Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching  –  learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

IV.  (A) Mathematics and Science:60 Questions 

(i)  Mathematics       30 Questions 

a)  Content                    20 Questions

  • Number System
  • Knowing our Numbers
  • Playing with Numbers
  • Whole Numbers
  • Negative Numbers and Integers
  • Fractions
  • Algebra
  • Introduction to Algebra
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Geometry
  • Basic geometrical ideas (2-D)
  • Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)
  • Symmetry: (reflection)
  • Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses)
  • Mensuration
  • Data handling

b)  Pedagogical issues 10 Questions

  • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Evaluation
  • Remedial Teaching
  • Problem of Teaching

(ii) Science                30 Questions

a)  Content    20 Questions

I.  Food
  • Sources of food
  • Components of food
  • Cleaning food
II.  Materials
  • Materials of daily use
III.  The World of the Living
IV.  Moving Things People and Ideas
V.  How things work
  • Electric current and circuits
  • Magnets
VI.  Natural Phenomena
VII.  Natural Resources

b)  Pedagogical issues 10 Questions

  • Nature & Structure of Sciences
  • Natural Science/Aims & objectives
  • Understanding & Appreciating Science
  • Approaches/Integrated Approach
  • Observation/Experiment/Discovery (Method of Science)
  • Innovation
  • Text Material/Aids
  • Evaluation – cognitive/psychomotor/affective
  • Problems
  • Remedial Teaching

V.  Social Studies/Social Sciences 60 Questions

a)  Content 40 Questions

I.  History
  • When, Where and How
  • The Earliest Societies
  • The First Farmers and Herders
  • The First Cities
  • Early States
  • New Ideas
  • The First Empire
  • Contacts with Distant lands
  • Political Developments
  • Culture and Science
  • New Kings and Kingdoms
  • Sultans of Delhi
  • Architecture
  • Creation of an Empire
  • Social Change
  • Regional Cultures
  • The Establishment of Company Power
  • Rural Life and Society
  • Colonialism and Tribal Societies
  • The Revolt of 1857-58
  • Women and reform
  • Challenging the Caste System
  • The Nationalist Movement
  • India After Independence
II.  Geography
  • Geography as a social study and as a science
  • Planet: Earth in the solar system
  • Globe
  • Environment in its totality: natural and human environment
  • Air
  • Water
  • Human Environment: settlement, transport and
  • communication
  • Resources: Types-Natural and Human
  • Agriculture
III.  Social and Political Life
  • Diversity
  • Government
  • Local Government
  • Making a Living
  • Democracy
  • State Government
  • Understanding Media
  • Unpacking Gender
  • The Constitution
  • Parliamentary Government
  • The Judiciary
  • Social Justice and the Marginalised

b)  Pedagogical issues  20 Questions

  • Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
  • Class Room Processes, activities and discourse
  • Developing Critical thinking
  • Enquiry/Empirical Evidence
  • Problems of teaching Social Science/Social Studies
  • Sources – Primary & Secondary
  • Projects Work
  • Evaluation
Note: For Detailed syllabus of classes I-VIII, please refer to NCERT syllabus and textbooks





Syllabus for the CTET 2015 Paper 1


CTET 2015 Syllabus for Paper I (for classes I to V) Primary Stage: 

I.  Child Development and Pedagogy 30 Questions

a)  Child Development (Primary School Child) 15 Questions

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of the development of children
  • Influence of Heredity & Environment
  • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  • Multi Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language & Thought
  • Gender as a social  construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
  • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
  • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b)  Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs        5 Questions 

  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
  • Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

c)  Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions

  • How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition & Emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental

II. Language I. 30 Questions

a)  Language Comprehension      15 Questions

  • Reading unseen passages  –  two passages one prose or drama and one poem with  questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b)  Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
  • Challenges of teaching language in a  diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-  learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

III.   Language – II 30 Questions 

a)  Comprehension 15 Questions 

  • Two unseen prose passages  (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

b)  Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom;  language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching  –  learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

IV.  Mathematics 30 Questions

a)  Content 15 Questions
  • Geometry
  • Shapes & Spatial Understanding
  • Solids around Us
  • Numbers
  • Addition and Subtraction
  • Multiplication
  • Division
  • Measurement
  • Weight
  • Time
  • Volume
  • Data Handling
  • Patterns
  • Money

b)  Pedagogical issues 15 Questions

  • Nature of Mathematics/Logical  thinking; understanding children’s  thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Evaluation through formal and informal methods
  • Problems of Teaching
  • Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
  • Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

V.  Environmental Studies 30 Questions

a)  Content    15 Questions

I.  Family and Friends:
1.1  Relationships
1.2  Work and Play
1.3  Animals
1.4  Plants
II.  Food
III.  Shelter
IV.  Water
V.  Travel
VI.  Things We Make and Do

b)  Pedagogical Issues 15 Questions

  • Concept and scope of EVS
  • Significance of EVS, integrated EVS
  • Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
  • Learning Principles
  • Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
  • Approaches of presenting concepts
  • Activities
  • Experimentation/Practical Work
  • Discussion
  • CCE
  • Teaching material/Aids 
  • Problems





CTET 2015 Pattern Paper 1 and Paper 2

Central Teachers Eligibility Test (CTET) Examination Pattern Paper 1 and Paper 2 

(केंद्रीय शिक्षक पात्रता परीक्षा - 22 फरवरी 2015 )


All questions in CTET test will be Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), every question carrying one mark, with four alternatives out of which one answer will be correct. There will be no negative marking. The exam will be of Ninety minutes of duration.

There will be two papers of CTET.
(i) Paper I will be for a person who intents to be a teacher for classes I to V.
(ii) Paper II will be for a person who intents to be a teacher for classes VI to VIII.

Note: A person who intents to be a teacher for both levels (classes I to V and classes VI to VIII) will have to appear in both the papers (Paper I and Paper II).

केंद्रीय शिक्षक पात्रता परीक्षा - 2015 (CTET Feb 2015) is going to held on 22nd February 2015.


CTET Paper I (for classes I to V) Primary Stage : 

Duration of examination: 150 Minutes (Two-and-a-half hours)
Structure and Content (All Compulsory):

(i) Child Development and Pedagogy 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(ii) Language I 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(iii) Language II 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(iv) Mathematics 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(v) Environmental Studies 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Total 150 MCQs 150 Marks

Nature and standard of questions:

  • The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on educational psychology of teaching and learning relevant to the age group of 6-11 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics and needs of diverse learners, interaction with learners and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of learning.
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  • The Test items in Language I will focus on the proficiencies related to the medium of instruction. The Test items in language II will focus on the elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities. Language II will be a language other than Language I. A candidate may choose any one language as Language I and other as Language II from the available language options and will be required to specify the same in the Confirmation Page.
  • The Test items in Mathematics and Environmental Studies will focus on the concepts, problem solving abilities and pedagogical understanding of the subjects. In all these subject areas, the test items will be evenly distributed over different divisions of the syllabus of that subject prescribed for classes I – V by the NCERT/CBSE.
  • The questions in the test for Paper I will be based on the topics prescribed in syllabus of the NCERT/CBSE for classes I – V but their difficulty standard as well as linkages, could be up to the Secondary stage.

  • CTET Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage : 

    Duration of examination: 150 Minutes ( two-and-a-half hours)
    Structure and Content (All Compulsory):


    (i) Child Development & Pedagogy(compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
    (ii) Language I (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
    (iii) Language II (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
    (iv) (a) For Mathematics and Science teacher : 60 MCQs 60 Marks
    Mathematics and Science
    (b)For Social Studies/Social Science teacher: 60 MCQs 60 Marks
    Social Science
    (c) For any other teacher – either (a) or (b)
    Total 150 MCQs 150 Marks

    Nature and standard of questions:


    • The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on educational psychology of teaching and learning, relevant to the age group of 11-14 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics, needs and psychology of diverse learners, interaction with learners and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of learning.
    • The Test items in Language I will focus on the proficiencies related to the medium of instruction.
    • The Test items in language II will focus on the elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities. Language II will be a language other than Language I. A candidate may choose any one language as Language I and other as Language II from the available language options and will be required to specify the same in the Confirmation Page.
    • The Test items in Mathematics and Science, and Social Studies/Social Science will focus on the concepts, problem solving abilities and pedagogical understanding of the subjects. The test items of Mathematics and Science will of 30 marks each. The test items will be evenly distributed over different divisions of the syllabus of that subject as prescribed for classes VI - VIII by the NCERT/CBSE.
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  • The questions in the test for Paper II will be based on the topics prescribed in syllabus of the NCERT/CBSE for classes VI - VIII but their difficulty standard as well as linkages, could be up to the Secondary stage.
  •